Battery Pack Regulations

What are the different Battery Regulations?

Manufacturing and Transporting dangerous and/or potentially harmful goods and products such as batteries and chemicals have been regulated in order to avert accidents that could have a potential impact on the environment, the products/goods themselves and most importantly- any personnel handling the products and goods. Various countries have various trading regulations that must be abided by in order to ensure the safety of transporting goods and the workers. Dangerous goods are also subjected to a range of regulations like worker’s safety and consumer protection to environmental and storage regulations.

Please find the EU/International regulations below and click on the links for more information.

Agreement made in Europe regarding the transportation of goods via the road


Agreement regarding International Carriage of Dangerous Goods via Inland Waterways


International Air Transport Association and the Dangerous Goods Regulations


International Civil Aviation Organization and The Technical Instructions for Safe Transportation of Dangerous Goods by Air


International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code of Conduct


Regulations made the EU in regards to Transporting Dangerous Goods by Rail


Recommendations made by the United Nations regarding Transporting Dangerous Goods


Regulations endorsed by the United States Department of Transportation


Information and Consulting about UN Transportation Tests



Battery Law

The aim of the Battery Law is to reduce the value of pollutant inputs in batteries and reduce waste products from the batteries. This law was endorsed in 2009 on June 30th in order to restrict the use of cadmium in battery and accumulator products. Retailers and Distributors must offer a free collection for waste or discharged batteries if the consumer has been supplied 32kg+ of portable batteries in the financial year. In 2006- 1.5 billion portable batteries were sold to the Federal Republic of Germany.


REACH Regulation (CE 1907/2006)

RoHS (Restriction of certain Hazardous Substances) (2002/95/CE)

Waste Battery Recycling

The Waste Batteries and Accumulators Regulations 2009

As a producer of industrial batteries under the Waste Batteries and Accumulators Regulations 2009, we AceOn Battery Solar Technology Ltd produce Alkaline, NiMH, NicD, Li-Ion and Lithium Thionyl Chloride batteries. We are obliged to take back free of charge, waste industrial batteries supplied to an end user for treatment and recycling. We are required to do this in any calendar year we place new industrial batteries on the market. If any of our customers or in certain cases other end users, require us to take back Industrial batteries, they should contact us at or call +44 (0)1952 293 388. We will agree the necessary arrangements for the return, proper treatment and recycling of the waste industrial batteries.

Reguations about shipping Lithium Batteries Safely



New ICAO/IATA regulations will limit the State of Charge (SOC) to 30% for all lithium ion cells and batteries on both Passenger and Cargo aircraft. Please refer to Packing Instructions 965.

In this case, we will have to fully charge all the cells/packs and discharge to 30% of the capacity in our facility. It will delay the lead time significantly, so we strongly suggest you choose ship by Ground instead by air, because it will take equal or longer time than ship by Ground. If you have to choose ship by air, for example, oversea customers, please charge the cells/packs immediately when you receive them to maintain the cells/packs.

  • January 1st , 2017 – ICAO/IATA Air Regulations – Li Ion and Li Metal in Equipment 
    This change refers to cells and batteries “contained in” equipment, Packing Instructions 967 (Lithium Ion) and 970 (LithiumMetal). Each package must be labeled with the Lithium Battery Handling Label. The only exceptions will be for:

    • Packages containing only button cell batteries installed in equipment (including circuit boards); and
    • Consignments of two packages or less where each package contains no more than four cells or two batteries installed in equipment.

    • This label change for batteries/cells in equipment is not mandatory until January 1st, 2017.


  • IATA Packing Instruction 965-970

    • Standalone = package ONLY contains batteries, NO equipment

    • Packed with = package contains equipment + batteries that are NOT installed in the equipment

    • Contained in = package has equipment with batteries installed

    •  Lithium Ion BatteryLithium Metal Battery

      StandaloneLithium Ion Standalone (P.I. 965) UN 3480Lithium Metal Standalone (P.I. 968) UN 3090

      Packed WithLithium Ion Packed With (P.I. 966) UN 3481Lithium Metal Packed With (P.I. 969) UN 3091

      Contained inLithium Ion Contained in (P.I. 967) UN 3481Lithium Metal Contained in (P.I. 970) UN 3091

Transport within Passenger Baggage

Carrier's Shipping requirement for Lithium Batteries


DOT (PHMSA) Updates

  • 49 CFR 173.185

  • Proper Shipping Names

    • UN 3480, Lithium Ion Batteries

    • UN 3481, Lithium Ion Batteries packed with equipment

    • UN 3481, Lithium Ion Batteries contained in equipment

    • UN 3090, Lithium Metal Batteries

    • UN 3091, Lithium Metal Batteries packed with equipment

    • UN 3091, Lithium Metal Batteries contained in equipment


Ship Prototypes of Lithium batteries

  • 173.185(e) - Must be shipped by ground as Class 9

  • A55 Cargo aircraft under approval. (The lead time for approval is around 3-6 months. Customer can contact PHMSA for shipping approval by air) (DOT)


Low Production Runs

  • 173.185(e) low production runs of not more than 100pcs, must be shipped by ground as Class 9. Applies to small batteries.

  • A88 Cargo aircraft under approval (The lead time for approval is around 3-6 months. Customer can contact PHMSA for shipping approval by air)


Damaged, defective or recalled Cells or Batteries


Lithium Battery Calculations

  • Watt hours = Volts (V) x ampere hour (Ah)

  • Lithium Content is: Ah per cell x 0.3 gm x number of cells

  • Lithium Battery Calculation help document

Contact our battery packs regulations experts on 01952 292 388 or email

© 2018 AceOn Group

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AceOn Group

Unit 9B

Stafford Park 12,




+44 (0)1952 293 388